Rare Miniature Paintings Of Mughal Emperor With Their Empress

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In an Indian history, we have been studying the glory of the Mughal period. The Mughal period saw a more blending of the artistic, intellectual and literary traditions of Indian, Iranian and Central Asia than others in the history of India.

The Indian subcontinent was heavily influenced by both Hindu and Muslim traditions, culture and style. Mughals brought many notable changes to the societies and culture of the subcontinent.

The development of painting in India began during the reign of Humayun. Indian painters mostly depicted religious themes. While the Iranian painters depicted the life of the courtiers, battle scenes etc. The use of paper was becoming popular in India since the Sultanate period.


We at TheViralTake have brought for our readers some such miniature paintings of the Mughal period, which show the glory of the Mughals.

1. Miniature painting of Mughal emperor Babur, India.

Babur, born Zahīr ud-Dīn Muhammad, was the founder of the Mughal Empire. He was the first Emperor of the Mughal dynasty in the Indian subcontinent. He was a descendant of Timur and Genghis Khan through his father and mother respectively.

Born: 14 February 1483, Andijan, Uzbekistan

Died: 26 December 1530, Agra

Source: Wikipedia
2. Miniature painting of Mughal emperor Humayun , India

Born as a Nasir-ud-Din Muḥammad, better known by his regnal name, Humayun. He was the second emperor of the Mughal Empire in Indian subcontinent. His ruled over territory in what is now Afghanistan, Pakistan, Northern India, and Bangladesh.

Born: 6 March 1508, Kabul, Afghanistan

Died: 27 January 1556, Delhi

Source: Getty Images
Miniature Painting of Mughal Emperor Humayun With Wife Jhanvi, India.
3. Miniature painting of Mughal Emperor Akbar, India.

Born as Abu’l-Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar, popularly known as Akbar the Great. He was the third Mughal emperor, who ruled from 1556 to 1605. Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun, under a regent, Bairam Khan, who helped the young emperor expand and consolidate Mughal domains in India.

Born: 15 October 1542, Umarkot, Pakistan

Died: 27 October 1605, Fatehpur Sikri

Indian influence on Mughal painting deepened during Akbar’s time. In 1562 AD, when the famous portrait of Tansen’s arrival in the Mughal court was made, the cooperation of Hindu and Persian method began to appear.

Tansen performed Raag Megh at Akbar court
Source: Swaarsa
Akbar and Tansen visit Haridas
Source: Pinterest
Source: Getty Images
Miniature painting of Mughal Emperor Akbar With Wife Jodha Bai, India.
4. Miniature painting of Mughal Emperor Jahangir, India.

Nur-ud-din Muhammad Salim, known by his imperial name Jahangir, was the fourth Mughal Emperor, who ruled from 1605 until his death in 1627. His imperial name means ‘conqueror of the world’, ‘world-conqueror’ or ‘world-seizer’.

Born: 31 August 1569, Fatehpur Sikri

Died: 28 October 1627, Rajouri

Source: Getty Images
Miniature painting of Mughal Emperor Jahangir With Wife Noorjahan, India.
5. Miniature painting of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, India.

Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram, better known by his regnal name, Shah Jahan, was the fifth Mughal emperor, and reigned from 1628 to 1658. Under his reign, the Mughal Empire reached the peak of its cultural glory. Although an able military commander, Shah Jahan is best remembered for his architectural achievements. 

Born: 5 January 1592, Lahore, Pakistan

Died: 22 January 1666, Agra Fort, Agra

Source: Getty Images
Miniature painting of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan With Wife Mumtaz Mahal.
Source: Getty Images
6. Miniature painting of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, India

Born as Muhi-ud-Din Muhammad, commonly known by the Aurangzeb or by his regnal name Alamgir. He was the sixth Mughal emperor, who ruled over almost the entire Indian subcontinent for a period of 49 years.

Born: 3 November 1618, Dahod

Died: 3 March 1707, Bhingar, Ahmednagar

Source: Getty Images
Miniature painting of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb With Wife Mehrunnisa, India.
6. Miniature painting of Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar, India

Bahadur Shah Zafar or Bahadur Shah II was the last Mughal emperor. He was the second son of and became the successor to his father, Akbar II, upon his death on 28 September 1837. He was a nominal Emperor, as the Mughal Empire existed in name only and his authority was limited only to the walled city of Old Delhi.

Born: 24 October 1775, Old Delhi, Delhi

Died: 7 November 1862, Yangon, Myanmar (Burma)

Source: Alamy
Miniature Painting of Bahadur Shah Zafar With Zeenat Mahal, India.

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